Composition Techniques – Part 2

Today we’re covering a few more composition techniques.  Like the last set, they’re really just guidelines that can help you take more interesting photographs.


The idea behind framing is to use a set of objects to frame your subject.  These can be tress, archways, windows or other natural edges.  By framing your subject you draw the eye to it and give it a more interesting viewpoint.  One thing to remember when using framing is to make sure that it’s your subject that’s in focus and not the frame.

the frame in this subject are the rocks in the foreground and the trees on the right.



The Background rule is all about thinking about the background of your photo and what’s in it.  New photographers usually get so absorbed in the subject they want to photograph that they forget to check the background.  Before you take a picture, you should first look at the background and figure out if it will add or distract from your image.  If it detracts, consider what other angles you could take the shot from or using a wider aperture to blur the background out.

The picture below is one of my earlier shots.  It was taken on a beach in the shade.  While the background is blurred out, there is a sharp line where the popup tent shade ends which detracts from the subject.  This could have been resolved by simply moving the tent briefly or waiting for later in the day when the sun was less harsh.  By waiting I could have also gotten some really nice side light during the golden hour.


In the picture below the background is out of focus, but enhances the subject.


Create Depth

Depth, like background, is another technique that blends with other composition techniques.  The idea behind depth is to include elements in the fore-ground, middle-ground, and background to add depth to the image.  These elements can help draw your eyes through the image.  When you’re choosing your fore-ground elements make sure that they add to the image and don’t draw focus if you’re main subject is in the background.

In the images below, the in focus foreground adds depth to the image.



I’m planning on changing my schedule for blog posts where I have a technical/theory post on Saturdays with posts on Tuesdays and Thursdays covering how I captured specific images.


8 thoughts on “Composition Techniques – Part 2

  1. Hi Peter – I just read all your posts. I appreciate your putting the photo specs along with the photo. Answers a lot of questions, mainly – How did he do that?! LOL

    You have good info presented in a clear uncomplicated way. I like your style! I know this blog is somewhat new and you probably have a list of topics you want to cover but would you consider doing a post on metering? Specifically, the differences between center-weighted, spot, evaluative, etc.

    Regardless, I’ll keep reading 🙂


    • I’m glad you like it.

      It’s funny that you bring up metering, because it was actually my next topic. So tune in next Saturday and hopefully I can answer all your questions.

      If you have other questions I haven’t covered yet feel free to reach out at any time.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Obviously I’ve seen these terms all presented before in a variety of ways and styles. Yours is really simple, straightforward, and clear; and that makes them really easier to understand than what’s come before!


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